TABLE 2

Laboratory values at admission and resolution of patients in hyperglycemic crisis

Lean DKA
Obese DKA
Obese hyperglycemia
Lean controlObese control
AdmissionResolutionAdmissionResolutionAdmissionResolution
Blood glucose (mg/dl)766 ± 72176 ± 10*743 ± 60184 ± 16*690 ± 66186 ± 22*92 ± 1.5*93 ± 1.7*
Serum HCO3 (mEq/l)6.0 ± .820.9 ± .6*8.3 ± .620.5 ± .6*25 ± .7*25.6 ± 1.1*26 ± 1.0*26 ± 1.5*
Venous pH7.09 ± .037.35 ± .017.17 ± .027.33 ± .01*7.34 ± .047.43 ± .01
Osmolality (mOsm/kg)310 ± 4.3293 ± 3.1*317 ± 5.0294 ± 4.0*311 ± 9.8289 ± 5.0*285 ± 6.0*286 ± 5.0*
β-Hydroxybutyrate (mmol/l)10.6 ± .70.8 ± .2*8.7 ± .61.2 ± .2*0.5 ± .04*0.3 ± .03*0.1 ± .02*0.1 ± .03*
Cortisol (μg/dl)46.2 ± 2.321.7 ± 1.1*55.4 ± 5.824.6 ± 3.6*23 ± .9*17.2 ± 1.4*14 ± 1.2*13 ± 1.1*
GH (ng/ml)12.3 ± 2.23.2 ± 1.0*10.0 ± 3.14.0 ± 1.2*1.6 ± .3*0.9 ± .2*0.8 ± .2*0.8 ± .2*
C-peptide (ng/ml)0.8 ± .10.7 ± .11.5 ± .2*0.8 ± .12.5 ± .3*1.3 ± .40.9 ± .21.2 ± .3
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P < 0.01 vs. lean DKA on admission.