TABLE 1

Characteristics of the study population

TotalMaleFemale
n21889129
Age (years)52.5 ± 0.752.8 ± 1.152.4 ± 0.9
BMI (kg/m2)26.2 ± 0.326.7 ± 0.425.9 ± 0.4
Systolic BP (mmHg)117.4 ± 0.9119.5 ± 1.2116.0 ± 1.2
Diastolic BP (mmHg)72.3 ± 0.674.2 ± 0.871.0 ± 0.*
Waist circumference (cm)87.1 ± 1.094.7 ± 1.281.9 ± 1.1
HDL (mmol/l)1.34 ± 0.031.13 ± 0.031.48 ± 0.03
TG (mmol/l)1.38 ± 0.061.47 ± 0.111.32 ± 0.07
FPG (mmol/l)5.4 ± 0.035.6 ± 0.055.3 ± 0.04
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P < 0.01 and

  • P < 0.001 for male vs. female subjects, determined by independent samples t or Wilcoxon’s rank-sum test.