TABLE 1

Characteristics of the cohort at baseline by fundus photography status

VariableFundus photographs
PresentAbsent
n252*32
Age (years)31.0 ± 9.625.4 ± 9.4
Sex (% male)4838
Diabetes duration (years)11.6 ± 4.711.3 ± 4.6
HbA1c (%)8.5 ± 1.68.9 ± 1.6
Body mass (kg/m2)25.7 ± 3.625.4 ± 3.4
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)119 ± 10117 ± 9
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)70 ± 869 ± 10
Mean arterial blood pressure (mmHg)86 ± 885 ± 9
AER (μg/min)6.5 ± 6.06.0 ± 5.5
Serum creatinine (mg/dl)0.81 ± 0.150.77 ± 0.11
GFR (ml · min−1 · 1.73 m−2)129 ± 20128 ± 17
Peripheral GBM surface density/glomerulus0.13 ± 0.020.13 ± 0.02
Mesangial fractional volume/glomerulus0.21 ± 0.050.20 ± 0.04
Mesangial matrix fractional volume/glomerulus0.12 ± 0.030.11 ± 0.03
Vv(MC/glom)0.075 ± 0.0190.071 ± 0.020
GBM width (nm)476 ± 93497 ± 101
Glomerulopathy index59.3 ± 10.761.0 ± 11.6
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise noted.

  • *

    * Except for AER, where n = 251.