TABLE 1

Age and metabolic variables in the four groups of postmenopausal women separated on the basis of visceral AT and IR

VariablesLow VAT-low IRLow VAT-high IRHigh VAT-low IRHigh VAT-high IR
n35191935
Physical characteristics
    Age (years)56.2 ± 4.257.2 ± 5.156.2 ± 4.157.9 ± 4.2
    BMI (kg/m2)25.1 ± 3.426.5 ± 2.930.0 ± 5.3*31.8 ± 4.5*
    Body fat mass (kg)22.9 ± 7.925.6 ± 6.133.1 ± 10.5*35.4 ± 8.8*
    Visceral AT (cm2)92 ± 26100 ± 26171 ± 33*190 ± 39*
    Energy from fat (%)29.5 ± 4.933.4 ± 5.7*32.6 ± 3.2*34.0 ± 5.3*
    EE6–9 (kcal · kg−1 · day−1)4.13 ± 4.451.73 ± 2.343.76 ± 5.182.01 ± 3.23
Blood pressure
    Systolic (mmHg)127 ± 13129 ± 15126 ± 13138 ± 18*
    Diastolic (mmHg)80 ± 682 ± 681 ± 1086 ± 7*
Glucose-insulin homeostasis
    Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.2 ± 0.55.7 ± 0.8*5.4 ± 0.46.0 ± 1.0*
    2-h glycemia (mmol/l)6.1 ± 1.68.0 ± 2.5*7.3 ± 2.510.4 ± 2.9*
    Insulin sensitivity (M/I)0.0156 ± 0.00390.0077 ± 0.0019*0.0127 ± 0.0024*0.0061 ± 0.0025*
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * Significantly different from the low VAT-low IR group;

  • significantly different from the low VAT-high IR group;

  • significantly different from the high VAT-low IR group, P < 0.05. Median values for VAT and M/I are 133.9 cm2 and 0.010 mg · kg−1 · min−1 · pmol−1, respectively.