TABLE 1

Clinical and metabolic characteristics of study participants

ControlType 2 diabetic
n910
Age (years)56 ± 254 ± 2
BMI (kg/cm²)26.7 ± 0.827.0 ± 1.3
HbA1c (%)4.0 ± 0.26.0 ± 0.5*
Glucose (mmol/l)5.5 ± 0.110.1 ± 0.7†
Insulin (pmol/l)45.4 ± 5.584.6 ± 16.0‡
Glucose during clamp (mmol/l)5.8 ± 0.28.5 ± 1.1‡
  • Data are means ± SE. Glucose and insulin levels were measured after an overnight fast. *P < 0.01, †P < 0.001, and ‡P < 0.05 vs. control.