TABLE 2

Fasting biochemical values

NGTIGTType 2 diabetesP value
Glucose (mmol/l)5.27 ± 0.095.32 ± 0.095.71 ± 0.210.07
Insulin (mU/l)33.2 ± 2.440.0 ± 3.536.8 ± 3.60.36
C-peptide (nmol/l)1.12 ± 0.071.33 ± 0.081.11 ± 0.020.23
HbA1c (%)5.2 ± 0.35.4 ± 0.47.1 ± 1.6*P <0.001
Proinsulin (pmol/l)26 ± 234 ± 533 ± 70.22
Proinsulin-to-insulin ratio0.80 ± 0.310.78 ± 0.301.07 ± 0.640.17
Triglicerides (mg/dl)98 ± 8119 ± 13128 ± 270.25
Free fatty acids545 ± 222528 ± 125480 ± 1110.62
  • Data are means ± SE.