TABLE 1

Subject characteristics

ControlsFish oilHigh-fructose dietHigh-fructose diet plus fish oil
Protein/fat/carbohydrate (%)*15/35/5015/35/5011/26/6311/26/63
Body weight (kg)71.5 ± 4.072.6 ± 3.772.1 ± 4.173.1 ± 4.1
Body fat (%)16.5 ± 0.717.2 ± 0.716.5 ± 0.817.2 ± 1.0
Waist circumference (cm)80.0 ± 2.981.1 ± 3.381.0 ± 2.781.2 ± 2.6
Fasting NEFA (μmol/l)392 ± 43375 ± 48243 ± 43212 ± 26
    Percent of controls100 ± 0101 ± 1461 ± 655 ± 5
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)53 ± 749 ± 661 ± 958 ± 4
    Percent of controls100 ± 096 ± 11117 ± 14116 ± 13
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.6 ± 0.14.7 ± 0.15.0 ± 0.15.0 ± 0.1
    Percent of controls100 ± 0101 ± 4107 ± 3108 ± 3
Fasting lactate (mmol/l)0.7 ± 0.10.7 ± 0.11.1 ± 0.11.0 ± 0.1
    Percent of controls100 ± 0107 ± 9158 ± 12141 ± 9
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * Percentage of total energy from protein, fat, and carbohydrate.

  • Significantly different (P < 0.05).