TABLE 2

Change in overnight fasting blood parameters after a 50% high-fat diet at energy balance and fixed activity level

VariableBL1BL2HFD day 1HFD day 2HFD day 3
Glucose (mg/dl)88.60 ± 7.3889.77 ± 8.7489.00 ± 9.7689.40 ± 7.2990.40 ± 9.03
Insulin (mIU/ml)6.81 ± 3.026.98 ± 2.866.65 ± 3.006.07 ± 2.98*6.89 ± 2.67
Free fatty acids (mmol)0.26 ± 0.080.28 ± 0.100.22 ± 0.080.25 ± 0.080.27 ± 0.10
  • Data are means ± SE. The HFD contained 50% fat. Repeated-measures ANOVA was used to test for time effects; P = 0.847, 0.130, and 0.047 for glucose, insulin, and free fatty acids, respectively.

  • *

    * Post hoc comparisons of each HFD day versus average of the two baseline (BL) values were significant (P < 0.05; Dunnett’s adjustment).