TABLE 1

Characteristics of study subjects

Lean nondiabeticObese nondiabeticType 2 diabetic
n101011
Age (years)55 ± 454 ± 459 ± 3
Sex (M/F)4/54/65/6
BMI (kg/m2)23.0 ± 0.933.9 ± 1.6*30.0 ± 1.7*
Body fat (%)27.9 ± 3.143.0 ± 3.4*35.4 ± 3.6*
Fat free mass (kg)44.6 ± 3.350.7 ± 3.4*51.3 ± 2.3*
Visceral fat (cm2)88.8 ± 15.8219.6 ± 36.0*187.5 ± 17.5*
Total abdominal fat (cm2)196.7 ± 23.2486.2 ± 44.2*430.8 ± 43.7*
A1C (%)5.5 ± 0.15.6 ± 0.18.2 ± 0.9
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P < 0.01 vs. lean nondiabetic;

  • n = 7 subjects;

  • P < 0.01 vs. lean and obese nondiabetic subjects.