TABLE 2

Plasma C5 glucose and C2 glucose enrichment

C5 glucoseC2 glucoseC5-to-C2 glucose ratio
Basal
    Lean nondiabetic0.28 ± 0.020.47 ± 0.030.61 ± 0.05
    Obese nondiabetic0.33 ± 0.020.60 ± 0.020.55 ± 0.02
    Diabetic0.30 ± 0.010.53 ± 0.01*0.58 ± 0.03
Clamp
    Lean nondiabetic0.06 ± 0.010.12 ± 0.010.51 ± 0.04
    Obese nondiabetic0.13 ± 0.010.23 ± 0.020.56 ± 0.03
    Diabetic0.22 ± 0.03*0.39 ± 0.040.56 ± 0.04
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 vs. lean and obese nondiabetic;

  • P < 0.001 vs. lean nondiabetic.