TABLE 5

Effect of pioglitazone and metformin on plasma cytokines

Pioglitazone
Metformin
BeforeAfterBeforeAfter
Plasma TNF-α (pg/ml)3.3 ± 0.172.7 ± 0.12*3.6 ± 0.573.3 ± 0.5
Plasma IL-6 (pg/ml)2.5 ± 0.641.89 ± 0.292.4 ± 0.441.9 ± 0.23
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 vs. “before.”