TABLE 1

Characteristics of the subjects from the Lyon study

Lean controlObeseType 2 diabetes
Men/women6/76/98/10
Age (years)51 ± 443 ± 552 ± 2
BMI (kg/m2)23 ± 0.433 ± 131 ± 1
Glucose (mmol/l)4.9 ± 0.14.9 ± 0.112.1 ± 0.7
Insulin (pmol/l)35 ± 267 ± 9*64 ± 6*
Free fatty acid (mmol/l)394 ± 46574 ± 47*670 ± 45
Triglycerides (mmol/l)0.6 ± 0.11.0 ± 0.1*1.8 ± 0.3*
Glucose disposal rate (during the clamp) (mg · kg−1 · min−1)9.9 ± 1.14.9 ± 0.83.6 ± 0.4
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated.

  • * and †

    * and † indicate statistically significant differences compared with the control groups, at P < 0.01 and P < 0.001, respectively.