TABLE 7

Effect of sucrose diets on metabolic variables

10% sucrose diet25% sucrose dietP
Weight (kg)85.8 ± 3.686.2 ± 3.6NS
Mean interstitial glucose levels (mmol/l)5.9 ± 0.26.1 ± 0.7NS
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)5.6 ± 0.15.6 ± 0.1NS
Fasting serum insulin (mU/l)8.6 ± 1.29.6 ± 1.4NS
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.01 ± 0.804.62 ± 0.8<0.01
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.25 ± 0.252.78 ± 0.30<0.01
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.2 ± 0.061.2 ± 0.06NS
Triglycerides (mmol/l)0.92 (0.66–1.17)0.95 (0.66–1.58)NS
  • Data are means ± SE or median (interquartile range). NS, not significant.