TABLE 1

Characteristics of the glucose tolerance categories by sex and by HRT use in postmenopausal women

Men (n = 835)
Women (n = 1,329)
AllNGTIsolated IFGIsolated IGTIFG + IGTDiabetesAllNGTIsolated IFGIsolated IGTIFG + IGTDiabetes
n (%)835 (38.6)264 (31.6)109 (13.0)94 (11.3)129 (15.5)239 (28.6)1,329 (61.4)437 (32.9)82 (6.1)275 (20.7)163 (12.3)372 (28.0)
Age (years)53.1 ± 15.847.8 ± 16.748.0 ± 13.959.1 ± 16.552.7 ± 14.759.2 ± 12.752.9 ± 15.447.4 ± 15.453.2 ± 13.454.2 ± 15.853.3 ± 15.558.3 ± 13.4
BMI (kg/m2)29.3 ± 6.6*28.6 ± 8.128.9 ± 5.127.9 ± 5.829.6 ± 5.430.5 ± 6.231.0 ± 11.628.9 ± 7.831.2 ± 7.430.4 ± 8.134.8 ± 23.732.2 ± 9.3
Waist circumference (cm)100.8 ± 13.897.7 ± 15.4100.2 ± 13.998.0 ± 11.5102.5 ± 12.5104.4 ± 12.798.6 ± 16.593.0 ± 16.2100.4 ± 16.697.6 ± 15.0104.7 ± 16.5102.7 ± 16.1
FPG (mmol/l)6.1 ± 1.9*5.0 ± 0.45.9 ± 0.35.2 ± 0.36.1 ± 0.47.9 ± 2.75.8 ± 1.85.0 ± 0.45.8 ± 0.35.1 ± 0.36.0 ± 0.37.4 ± 2.6
2-h plasma glucose (mmol/l)9.4 ± 4.35.8 ± 1.26.3 ± 1.09.1 ± 0.99.2 ± 0.914.9 ± 3.89.6 ± 4.06.2 ± 1.16.7 ± 0.99.1 ± 0.99.5 ± 1.014.7 ± 3.8
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)63.7 (60.7)48.0 (46.4)66.3 (66.7)53.5 (57.5)69.0 (59.1)83.7 (76.7)61.8 (59.3)45.5 (38.4)63 (60)55.6 (47.1)83.5 (67.3)90.0 (73.6)
ΔI0–30/ΔG0–30 ([pmol/l]/[mmol/l])106.5 (97.0)114.5 (127.2)96.7 (86.7)88.4 (87.8)78.6 (88.2)32.6 (41.6)84.6 (99.8)121.3 (132.5)127.6 (98.7)94.6 (95.6)90.6 (73.7)43.9 (53.6)
Postmenopausal women only
Non-HRT users (n = 378)
HRT users (n = 238)
AllNGTIsolated IFGIsolated IGTIFG + IGTDiabetesAllNGTIsolated IFGIsolated IGTIFG + IGTDiabetes
n (%)378 (61.4)94 (24.9)27 (7.1)64 (16.9)50 (13.2)143 (37.8)238 (38.6)55 (23.1)11 (4.6)69 (29.0)29 (12.2)74 (31.1)
Age (years)65.7 ± 10.7*63.9 ± 11.065.6 ± 7.065.7 ± 12.466.2 ± 10.366.7 ± 10.461.8 ± 9.058.6 ± 9.461.7 ± 5.264.1 ± 8.361.4 ± 8.362.3 ± 9.4
BMI (kg/m2)31.3 ± 17.128.8 ± 8.530.3 ± 8.130.7 ± 7.737.8 ± 41.931.0 ± 8.429.8 ± 7.629.5 ± 6.931.9 ± 7.629.0 ± 7.730.9 ± 5.830.2 ± 8.7
Waist circumference (cm)100.7 ± 14.297.2 ± 15.6103.4 ± 15.3100.2 ± 12.9103.8 ± 15.3101.6 ± 13.298.6 ± 16.195.9 ± 16.4103.4 ± 18.196.9 ± 16.6103.3 ± 14.099.6 ± 15.8
FPG (mmol/l)6.1 ± 1.9*5.0 ± 0.45.9 ± 0.35.1 ± 0.36.0 ± 0.37.3 ± 2.65.6 ± 1.15.0 ± 0.35.8 ± 0.25.1 ± 0.46.0 ± 0.36.5 ± 1.5
2-h plasma glucose (mmol/l)10.4 ± 4.46.1 ± 1.06.4 ± 1.09.0 ± 0.89.8 ± 0.914.7 ± 3.910.0 ± 3.46.3 ± 1.17.0 ± 0.99.4 ± 0.99.5 ± 0.913.9 ± 2.7
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)66.96 (56.1)*49.1 (42.96)60.0 (57.1)58.3 (35.5)81.48 (56.3)89.1 (68.5)54.3 (41.5)43.8 (32.9)54.0 (38.0)47.5 (31.0)71.1 (45.5)60.0 (67.2)
ΔI0–30/ΔG0–30 ([pmol/l]/[mmol/l])76.1 (73.0)109.4 (111.2)112.8 (75.4)87.4 (60.5)72.1 (56.1)47.8 (54.8)64.7 (72.5)74.8 (127.2)63.7 (84.7)70.1 (67.6)102.5 (76.7)39.9 (53.3)
  • Data are means ± SD or median (interquartile range).

  • *

    * P < 0.001;

  • P < 0.01.