TABLE 1

Demographic, anthropometric, and metabolic characteristics of study groups

VariableInsulin-sensitive normoglycemic
Insulin-resistant normoglycemic
Type 2 diabetic
AllWomenMenAllWomenMenAllWomenMen
n251114221111211110
Age (years)31 ± 937 ± 11*27 ± 532 ± 833 ± 933 ± 745 ± 1045 ± 749 ± 6
BMI (kg/m2)26 ± 529 ± 5*24 ± 333 ± 734 ± 632 ± 830 ± 632 ± 828 ± 4
Fat mass (kg)23 ± 1431 ± 14*13 ± 639 ± 1741 ± 13*29 ± 1530 ± 1731 ± 1424 ± 9
Waist (cm)85 ± 9§88 ± 1183 ± 6104 ± 16100 ± 11107 ± 20102 ± 1599 ± 13105 ± 16
WHR0.82 ± 0.040.79 ± 0.05*0.84 ± 0.020.88 ± 0.060.86 ± 0.04*0.94 ± 0.090.93 ± 0.080.88 ± 0.06*0.98 ± 0.07
Glucose (mmol/l)4.8 ± 0.294.7 ± 0.304.8 ± 0.295.5 ± 1.05.5 ± 1.25.5 ± 0.714.0 ± 3.914.3 ± 3.613.8 ± 4.2
Insulin (μU/ml)5.4 ± 3.76.5 ± 4.84.6 ± 2.517.1 ± 11.821.6 ± 12.610.3 ± 6.410.0 ± 11.114.9 ± 17.27.1 ± 4.1
GDR (mg · kg−1 · min–1)16.6 ± 2.617.8 ± 3*15.6 ± 1.69.2 ± 2.49.4 ± 2.78.0 ± 2.97.3 ± 3.28.3 ± 3.76.6 ± 2.6
Adiponectin RIA (μg/ml)8.3 ± 4.310.1 ± 4.67.0 ± 3.76.8 ± 2.67.2 ± 2.35.4 ± 3.15.5 ± 2.96.3 ± 3.24.8 ± 2.3
HMW adiponectin (μg/ml)5.4 ± 2.96.4 ± 3.04.5 ± 2.74.1 ± 1.64.7 ± 1.43.2 ± 1.73.2 ± 2.03.8 ± 2.42.7 ± 1.6
LMW adiponectin (μg/ml)2.9 ± 1.63.6 ± 1.72.4 ± 1.32.7 ± 1.22.9 ± 0.92.5 ± 1.62.2 ± 1.22.1 ± 1.42.3 ± 1.1
HMW-to-total adiponectin ratio0.62 ± 0.080.63 ± 0.050.62 ± 0.10.58 ± 0.070.61 ± 0.070.55 ± 0.080.58 ± 0.100.63 ± 0.07*0.54 ± 0.1
  • Data are the means ± SE. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

  • *

    * Significantly different from males within the subgroup;

  • significantly different from insulin sensitive and resistant;

  • significantly different from insulin sensitive;

  • §

    § significantly different from insulin resistant. GDR, maximal insulin-stimulated glucose disposal rate; WHR, waist-to-hip ratio.