Multivariable adjusted ORs of incident impaired fasting glucose or incident diabetes per SD difference in baseline retinal vessel diameters or AVR

Impaired fasting glucose (n = 305)Diabetes (n = 118)
Arteriolar narrowing*0.99 (0.86–1.15)1.02 (0.82–1.27)
Venular dilatation1.15 (0.99–1.34)1.08 (0.86–1.36)
AVR1.14 (0.98–1.32)1.09 (0.87–1.36)
  • Data are ORs (95% CI) adjusted for age, sex, follow-up time, diastolic and systolic blood pressure, smoking, BMI, serum total and HDL cholesterol, C-reactive protein, and carotid artery plaque score.

  • *

    * Per SD decrease in arteriolar diameter.

  • Per SD increase in venular diameter.

  • Per SD decrease in AVR.