TABLE 1

Characteristics of islet autoantibody-positive and -negative women with GDM

VariableAutoantibody positiveAutoantibody negativeSignificance (P)
n32270
Age at delivery (years)29.9 (27.5–31.7)31.4 (28.2–32.8)0.60
BMI22.9 (21.1–25.7)26.5 (23.0–30.8)0.002
Insulin in pregnancy24 (75.0)92 (34.2)<0.0001
HLA DR3 or DR4-DQ8*20/26 (77.0)80/203 (39.4)<0.0001
8-year diabetes risk97 (90–99.9)46 (40–51)<0.0001
  • Data are median (IQR) or n (%), unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * HLA typing was available on 229 women;

  • Data are % (95% CI).