TABLE 1

Baseline characteristics and their association with the development of type 2 diabetes

No diabetesWith diabetesHR (95% CI)*P value
n2,767169
Age (years)56.0 (3.5)56.3 (3.4)1.16 (0.93–1.46)0.19
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)136.3 (18.7)141.3 (19.3)1.30 (1.11–1.52)0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)84.4 (11.4)86.2 (11.3)1.14 (0.98–1.34)0.09
BMI (kg/m2)26.0 (3.3)28.6 (3.7)1.86 (1.65–2.10)<0.0001
Obesity340 (12.3)59 (35.1)3.96 (2.87–5.47)<0.0001
Smoking28.6 (791)32.0% (54)1.29 (0.93–1.79)0.13
Cholesterol (mmol/l)5.72 (1.01)5.90 (0.98)1.20 (1.03–1.39)0.03
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.75 (0.92)2.27 (1.7)1.55 (1.34–1.80)<0.0001
Fibrinogen (g/l)2.71 (0.52)2.78 (0.53)1.17 (1.00–1.36)0.11
CRP (mg/l)2.92 (3.44)4.05 (4.36)1.37 (1.16–1.61)<0.001
CRP excluding >20 mg/l2.41 (2.47)3.40 (3.26)1.46 (1.21–1.75)<0.0001
  • CRP measurements made after diabetes was recorded are excluded from the analysis (n = 2).

  • *

    * Age- and practice-adjusted HR for 1-SD increase in all variables except smoking (current/non), obesity (>30/<30), and age (5-year increase)

  • geometric mean (approximate SD).