TABLE 1

Clinical characteristics of patients with type 1 diabetes and normal control subjects

Diabetic nephropathic subjectsDiabetic control subjectsNormal control subjects
n261813
Age (years)40.2 ± 2.5 (21–69)44.2 ± 3.6 (26–65)36.4 ± 3.5 (26–55)
Age at onset of diabetes (years)13.6 ± 1.4 (6–27)16.1 ± 2.8 (1–38)
Duration of diabetes (years)28.0 ± 2.3 (8–47)29.1 ± 2.4 (20–49)
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)11.5 ± 1.49.7 ± 1.1
HbA1c (%)8.8 ± 0.38.4 ± 0.2
Male:female8:185:136:7
  • Data are means ± SE (ranges).