TABLE 3

Cognitive performance

Cognitive domains and testsControl subjectsType 1 diabetic patientsMean dif (95% CI)
Abstract reasoning0.09 ± 0.15−0.09 ± 0.15−0.18 (−0.62 to 0.25)
Memory0.09 ± 0.07−0.08 ± 0.07−0.17 (−0.36 to 0.02)
    Working memory−0.05 ± 0.110.05 ± 0.110.10 (−0.22 to 0.42)
    Immediate memory and learning0.11 ± 0.09−0.09 ± 0.09−0.21 (−0.48 to 0.06)
    Forgetting rate0.15 ± 0.13−0.12 ± 0.13−0.26 (−0.63 to 0.13)
    Incidental memory0.15 ± 0.16−0.15 ± 0.16−0.30 (−0.76 to 0.16)
Information processing speed0.16 ± 0.10−0.17 ± 0.10−0.34 (−0.63 to −0.04)*
Attention and executive function0.07 ± 0.08−0.07 ± 0.08−0.13 (−0.37 to 0.10)
Visuoconstruction−0.28 ± 0.150.28 ± 0.150.56 (0.13–0.98)*
  • Domain scores are presented as adjusted z-scores ± SE. Mean dif: the adjusted between group difference (type 1 diabetic patients − control subjects) in the univariate ANOVA; scores are adjusted for estimated premorbid IQ. Negative z-values indicate worse performance.

  • *

    * P < 0.05.