TABLE 4

Level of self-reported psychological and physical complaints

Psychological scalesControl subjectsType 1 diabetic patientsMean dif (95% CI)
SCL-90-R
    Total Score116.1 ± 4.04121.6 ± 4.045.59 (−6.10 to 17.27)
    Anxiety12.34 ± 0.4412.76 ± 0.440.42 (−0.86 to 1.69)
    Agoraphobia7.87 ± 0.327.93 ± 0.320.00 (−0.86 to 0.97)
    Depression20.56 ± 0.8422.34 ± 0.841.79 (−0.63 to 4.20)*
    Somatization18.30 ± 0.8418.95 ± 0.840.65 (−1.77 to 3.07)
    Cognitive performance difficulty12.55 ± 0.5814.53 ± 0.581.98 (0.30–3.65)*
    Interpersonal sensitivity and paranoid ideation21.92 ± 0.8824.21 ± 0.882.28 (−0.27 to 4.84)
    Anger-hostility6.33 ± 0.297.49 ± 0.291.16 (0.33–1.99)*
    Sleep disturbance5.42 ± 0.456.04 ± 0.450.63 (−0.69 to 1.94)
    BDI-II3.96 ± 0.725.73 ± 0.711.76 (−0.32 to 3.85)
  • Data are adjusted means ± SE. Mean dif: the adjusted between group differences (type 1 diabetic patients − control subjects) in the univariate ANOVA. All scores are adjusted for estimated premorbid IQ and sex. Higher scores reflect more reported complaints.

  • *

    * P < 0.05.