TABLE 1

Characteristics of the study population by diabetes status, according to sex

Men
Women
No diabetes (n = 1,004)Diabetes (n = 273)P valueNo diabetes (n = 1,129)Diabetes (n = 212)P value
Age (years)73.7 ± 2.973.8 ± 2.90.4773.5 ± 2.873.2 ± 2.80.19
Black (%)32.245.4<0.0140.368.9<0.01
Education <12 years (%)24.532.00.0119.837.1<0.01
Height (cm)173.3 ± 6.5173.5 ± 6.10.63159.6 ± 6.2159.6 ± 5.60.93
Weight (kg)80.3 ± 12.685.3 ± 13.8<0.0169.2 ± 14.176.9 ± 14.1<0.01
BMI (kg/m2)26.7 ± 3.828.3 ± 4.0<0.0127.1 ± 5.230.2 ± 5.4<0.01
Total body fat (kg)22.8 ± 6.924.9 ± 7.4<0.0127.9 ± 9.031.5 ± 9.2<0.01
Total body lean (kg)54.9 ± 7.057.5 ± 7.4<0.0139.5 ± 5.843.4 ± 5.8<0.01
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.3 ± 0.58.5 ± 2.9<0.015.1 ± 0.58.4 ± 3.1<0.01
A1C (%)6.0 ± 0.57.8 ± 1.5<0.016.0 ± 0.58.0 ± 1.6<0.01
Impaired vision (%)18.728.3<0.0117.627.5<0.01
Renal insufficiency (%)7.515.9<0.018.014.4<0.01
Comorbidity score*1.25 ± 1.121.55 ± 1.18<0.011.38 ± 1.141.78 ± 1.27<0.01
Smoking (current, %)10.79.50.599.59.90.85
Alcohol drinking (%)60.646.2<0.0147.422.6<0.01
Physical activity (kcal/week)5,3974,7610.074,8084,092<0.01
  • Data are means ± SD or %, except physical activity (median).

  • *

    * Number of combined chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral artery disease, knee osteoarthritis, hypertension, depression, pulmonary disease, cancer, and osteoporosis.