TABLE 2

Comparison of arm and leg muscle strength, regional muscle mass, and muscle quality by diabetes status, stratified by sex

Men
Women
No diabetes (n = 1,004)Diabetes (n = 273)P valueNo diabetes (n = 1,129)Diabetes (n = 212)P value
Leg strength (Nm)133.0 ± 32.4128.5 ± 34.60.04681.1 ± 22.083.8 ± 21.40.096
Leg muscle mass (kg)8.7 ± 1.39.1 ± 1.4<0.0016.3 ± 1.27.0 ± 1.2<0.001
Leg muscle quality (Nm/kg)15.3 ± 3.214.2 ± 3.3<0.00113.0 ± 3.112.1 ± 3.2<0.001
Hand grip strength (kg)40.0 ± 8.938.7 ± 8.80.03724.3 ± 6.425.1 ± 5.90.098
Arm muscle mass (kg)3.4 ± 0.63.6 ± 0.6<0.0012.1 ± 0.42.3 ± 0.4<0.001
Arm muscle quality (kg/kg)11.7 ± 2.410.8 ± 2.3<0.00112.0 ± 2.911.0 ± 2.9<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD. Nm, Newton meters.