TABLE 1

Participant characteristics

Type 2 diabetic patientsHealthy subjects
n710
Age (years)55.8 ± 1.352.3 ± 1.5
BMI (kg/m2)27.9 ± 0.826.1 ± 1.0
Waist-to-hip ratio0.95 ± 0.02*0.87 ± 0.02
Fat percentage (%)21.6 ± 1.318.2 ± 1.2
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)7.9 ± 0.9*4.8 ± 0.1
A1C (%)6.3 ± 0.4
Fasting serum insulin (mU/l)13.5 ± 3.8*2.9 ± 0.4
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.3 ± 0.31.4 ± 0.2
Type 2 diabetes duration (years)4.7 ± 2.8
Microvascular complications
    Retinopathy0
    Nephropathy (microalbuminuria)1
    Neuropathy1
  • Data are means ± SEM.

  • *

    * Student's t test, P < 0.05.

  • n = 6 due to one missing value.