TABLE 1

Key characteristics for male and female subjects in the RISC cohort

MaleFemale
n575701
Age (years)43 ± 844 ± 8
BMI (kg/m2)26.4 ± 3.524.9 ± 4.3
Fat mass (kg)19.0 ± 8.122.7 ± 9.2
Fat-free mass (kg)64.9 ± 7.144.9 ± 4.4
Waist-to-hip ratio0.92 ± 0.080.82 ± 0.09
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/l)5.2 ± 0.54.9 ± 0.6
Impaired glucose tolerance (%)45
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.1 ± 1.70.9 ± 1.6
Cholesterol (mmol/l)4.9 ± 0.94.8 ± 0.9
HDL (mmol/l)1.2 ± 0.31.6 ± 0.4
Systolic blood pressue (mmHg)122.2 ± 10.8113.7 ± 12.6
Diastolic blood pressue (mmHg)76.5 ± 7.672.8 ± 8.1
M/I (μmol · min−1 · kgffm−1 · nmol/l−1)109 (79–151)138 (105–187)
30-min insulin response (pmol/mmol)26.5 (17.7–39.8)26.3 (18.6–79.4)
β-Cell glucose sensitivity (pmol · min−1 · m−2 · mmol/l−1)101 (74–139)119 (82–175)
  • Data are means ± SD or geometric mean (25th–75th quartile). ffm, fat-free mass.