TABLE 1

Patient demographics

GroupnSex (male/female)Age (years)GADAAnti-IA2Duration (years)
New-onset type 1 diabetes*148/614.1 ± 4.112/149/140.11 ± 0.07
    Median (range)13.5 (8.4–23.5)0.11 (0.01–0.24)
Established type 1 diabetes1710/718.1 ± 10.215/1712/177.0 ± 9.8
    Median (range)13.5 (8.4–23.5)3.6 (1.0–38.2)
First-degree relatives4622/2427.7 ± 17.54/465/46
    Median (range)33.9 (3.5–62.6)
Healthy control subjects3316/1723.4 ± 10.10/320/32
    Median (range)21.9 (6.3–44.9)
  • Data are means ± SD and n unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * New-onset type 1 diabetic patients were analyzed within 3 months of the date of diagnosis.

  • The established type 1 diabetic group contained all subjects with disease duration >3 months.

  • Serum was not available for one control subject.