TABLE 1

Baseline characteristics of all participants and case subjects with incident type 2 diabetes

CharacteristicsAll participants*Incident type 2 diabetic patientsP
n5,901544
Age (years)69.1 ± 9.168.7 ± 8.10.01
Men2,388 (40.5)274 (43.5)0.13
BMI (kg/m2)26.2 ± 3.728.2 ± 3.8<0.001
Waist circumference (cm)90.2 ± 11.195.0 ± 11.0<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)138.5 ± 22.1143.2 ± 20.6<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)73.8 ± 11.675.6 ± 11.2<0.001
Hypertension1,872 (32.3)253 (46.4)<0.001
History of coronary artery disease669 (12.1)64 (13.7)0.28
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)6.6 ± 1.26.6 ± 1.20.80
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.4 ± 0.361.3 ± 0.33<0.001
Daily alcohol intake in drinkers (g/day)7.1 (1.5–19.3)6.2 (1.4–17.7)0.47
Current smoker1,320 (22.9)131 (24.4)0.22
Former smoker2,425 (42.1)235 (43.8)
Postmenopausal hormone therapy1,187 (20.1)102 (18.9)0.47
CRP (mg/l)1.8 (0.9–3.5)2.3 (1.3–4.2)<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD, n (%), and median (interquartile range). Student’s t test was used for normally distributed continuous variables, Mann-Whitney for non-normally distributed covariates, and χ2 test for categorical variables.

  • *

    * Contains both healthy participants and incident type 2 diabetic patients;

  • case subjects compared with nondiabetic participants;

  • history of use in women.