TABLE 1

Volunteer characteristics according to fasting and 2-h glucose tolerance status

NFG/NGT groupNFG/IGT groupIFG/NGT groupIFG/IGT-D groupIFG total
n181272532
Sex (female/male)11/77/54/313/1217/15
Age (years)50.0 ± 1.952.9 ± 2.653.1 ± 3.053.9 ± 1.553.8 ± 1.3
BMI (kg/m2)27.7 ± 0.829.1 ± 1.330.9 ± 2.331.4 ± 0.9*31.3 ± 0.9*
LBM (kg)48.2 ± 2.748.4 ± 3.352.6 ± 5.152.3 ± 2.652.4 ± 2.2
Body fat (%)35.3 ± 2.137.5 ± 3.339.1 ± 3.538.5 ± 1.938.7 ± 1.6
Visceral fat (cm2)116.9 ± 19.2120.7 ± 9.1187.3 ± 34.5*182.7 ± 17.5*183.7 ± 15.3*
FPG (mmol/l)5.0 ± 0.15.1 ± 0.15.9 ± 0.16.2 ± 0.16.2 ± 0.5
2-h PPG (mmol/l)6.7 ± 0.29.3 ± 0.36.9 ± 0.310.6 ± 0.49.8 ± 0.4
Family historyNoNoNo56%45%
  • Data are means ± SE unless otherwise indicated. FPG, fasting plasma glucose at screening; LBM, lean body mass; PPG, postprandial glucose concentration at the OGTT.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 vs. NFG/NGT;

  • P < 0.001 vs. NFG/NGT.