TABLE 1

Characteristics of volunteers

Protocol 2
Protocol 3
WomenMenPWomenMenP
n12151210
Age (years)29 ± 235 ± 30.0438 ± 338 ± 20.95
BMI (kg/m2)22.8 ± 0.423.9 ± 0.40.0433.0 ± 1.033.4 ± 0.90.64
Percent fat31 ± 120 ± 2<0.000146 ± 235 ± 1<0.0001
Total body fat (kg)18.3 ± 0.715.6 ± 1.60.1140.8 ± 2.435.5 ± 2.50.14
Leg fat (kg)7.7 ± 0.55.4 ± 0.40.00215.9 ± 1.311.5 ± 0.90.009
Upper-body subcutaneous fat (kg)10.4 ± 0.68.9 ± 1.30.2421.0 ± 1.217.9 ± 1.30.10
Visceral fat (kg)1.2 ± 0.31.0 ± 0.30.604.0 ± 0.46.1 ± 0.70.02
Abdominal fat cell size (μg lipid/cell)0.411 ± 0.0360.443 ± 0.0490.510.858 ± 0.0730.750 ± 0.0480.24
Femoral fat cell size (μg lipid/cell)0.481 ± 0.0270.411 ± 0.0290.110.813 ± 0.0820.801 ± 0.0710.91
  • Data are mean ± SE.