TABLE 1

Metabolic and morphometric parameters in 48 differentially reared juvenile bonnet macaques aged 3–4 years

VFDControlP value
n3018
Weight (kg)3.9 ± 0.073.6 ± 0.10.009
BMI (kg/m2)22.8 ± 0.3421 ± 0.440.003
Abdominal circumference (cm)28.0 ± 0.4726.3 ± 0.610.034
Insulin (pmol/l)56.6 ± 7.9863.2 ± 11.64NS
Glucose (mg/dl)61.8 ± 1.7964.3 ± 1.34NS
IGR0.84 ± 0.140.85 ± 0.09NS
HOMA141.8 ± 31.19163.5 ± 20.45NS
TG (mg/dl)20.2 ± 1.7920.5 ± 1.34NS
HDL (mg/dl)50.6 ± 2.0650.2 ± 2.66NS
VLDL (mg/dl)3.5 ± 0.252.4 ± 0.330.009
GLP-1 (pmol/l)95.4 ± 11.451 ± 15.90.029
Ghrelin (pg/ml)2711 ± 2122765 ± 289NS
Leptin (pmol/l)*51.4 ± 20.8275.1 ± 22.54NS
Adiponectin (μg/ml)14.7 ± 1.1917 ± 1.54NS
C-peptide (pmol/l)288.2 ± 27.67223.4 ± 35.78NS
  • Data are means ± SE. P values from ANCOVA covaried for age and sex.

  • *

    * Leptin values were detected in only seven VFD and six control animals.