TABLE 1

Subject characteristics

Control subjectsFirst-degree relativesDiabetic patients
Age (years)59.2 ± 0.760.1 ± 0.961.4 ± 1.6
Body weight (kg)92.3 ± 2.691.6 ± 3.889.2 ± 3.3
BMI (kg/m2)29.1 ± 0.730.1 ± 1.228.9 ± 0.7
Fat (%)31.4 ± 1.729.4 ± 1.927.9 ± 2.3
Fat-free mass (kg)62.8 ± 1.962.5 ± 3.263.7 ± 2.0
Vo2max (ml · kg−1 · min−1)31.2 ± 1.632.6 ± 9.628.2 ± 2.3
Glucose (mmol/l)6.0 ± 0.26.0 ± 0.28.6 ± 0.6*
Insulin (mU/l)13.7 ± 2.114.5 ± 1.817.5 ± 2.1
NEFA (μmol/l)464 ± 22432 ± 41526 ± 49
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 diabetic patients vs. control subjects;

  • P < 0.05 diabetic patients vs. first-degree relatives.