TABLE 1

Baseline characteristics of the men and women from the HPFS and NHS

CharacteristicsMen (HPFS)
Women (NHS)
DiabeticNondiabeticDiabeticNondiabetic
Participants (n)1,0761,2111,5062,014
Age (years)56 ± 855 ± 944 ± 744 ± 7
Physical activity*14.7 ± 19.021.5 ± 28.13.6 ± 2.84.1 ± 2.9
Alcohol consumption (g/day)11.4 ± 16.812.3 ± 15.54.1 ± 8.36.4 ± 9.8
Smoking11.07.028.921.8
Family history of diabetes32.312.652.522.7
  • Data are n, means ± SD, and percent. Cohort baseline, 1976 for the NHS and 1986 for HPFS; physical activity and alcohol consumption were obtained from the 1980 questionnaire in NHS.

  • *

    * In hours of physical activity of at least moderate intensity per week for women and in MET hours per week for men.