TABLE 1

Characteristics of the study sample

MaleFemaleWhole population
n (%)1,423 (44.3)1,787 (55.7)3,210
Age (years)58.8 ± 5.958.4 ± 6.158.6 ± 6.0
BMI (kg/m2)24.0 (21.8–26.3)24.5 (22.1–26.9)24.2 (22.0–26.6)
Waist circumference (cm)85.6 (78.0–92.7)81.7 (74.9–89.0)83.5 (76.0–90.8)
Body fat (%)20.4 ± 5.432.5 ± 5.327.5 ± 8.0
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.95 ± 1.895.74 ± 1.595.84 ± 1.74
A1C (%)5.98 ± 1.146.00 ± 1.075.99 ± 1.10
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)74.4 (52.8–102.0)88.2 (64.8–119.4)82.2 (59.4–112.2)
HOMA-B (%)97.3 (73.1–125.0)113.4 (87.2–142.6)105.9 (80.6–135.2)
HOMA-S (%)69.5 (51.1–96.6)59.3 (44.6–81.1)63.6 (47.1–86.9)
Overweight37.338.738.0
Obese12.416.614.8
IFG29.925.427.4
Type 2 diabetes14.612.113.2
  • Data are means ± SD, median (interquartile range), or percentages unless otherwise indicated. IFG, impaired fasting glucose.