TABLE 1

Demographic, anthropometric, and clinical characteristics of the study cohort across visceral tertiles

Tertile 1: 0.027–0.089Tertile 2: 0.089–0.121Tertile 3: 0.122–0.224P for trend
UnadjustedAdjusted*
n394039
Sex
    Female (n = 79)30 (76.9%)27 (67.5%)22 (56.4%)0.16
    Male (n = 39)9 (23.1%)13 (32.5%)17 (43.6%)
Race/ethnicity
    White (n = 46)11 (28.2%)15 (37.5%)20 (51.3%)<0.001
    African American (n = 36)21 (53.9%)13 (32.5%)2 (5.1%)
    Hispanic (n = 36)7 (17.9%)12 (30.0%)17 (43.6%)
Age (years)14.9 (14.0–15.8)14.5 (13.6–15.4)14.5 (13.6–15.4)0.35
BMI (kg/m2)39.1 (37.2–40.9)38.1 (36.3–39.9)35.5 (33.6–37.3)0.0080.07
BMI Z score2.45 (2.36–2.55)2.45 (2.36–2.55)2.33 (2.24–2.43)0.190.15
Percentage fat (%)42.8 (41.0–44.6)42.3 (40.5–44.0)39.1 (37.3–40.9)0.0020.002
Fat-free mass (kg)56.3 (52.5–60.2)56.9 (53.0–60.7)54.4 (50.6–58.3)0.780.51
Fat mass (kg)44.3 (40.6–48.0)43.9 (40.2–477)§36.4 (32.6–40.1)0.0040.02
Waist circumference (cm)110.5 (106.3–114.7)111.6 (107.2–116.0)107.0 (102.5–111.4)0.280.15
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)117.4 (113.5–121.3)120.3 (116.5–124.1)118.3 (114.4–122.1)0.370.23
Diastolic blood pressure71.0 (68.1–73.9)73.8 (70.9–76.6)72.2 (69.3–75.0)0.690.32
Liver enzymes (U/l)
    ALT14.9 (11.5–19.4)18.4 (14.4–23.5)25.2 (19.5–32.6)<0.0010.04
    AST19.3 (16.6–22.4)20.3 (17.7–23.4)26.3 (22.7–30.5)<0.0010.04
    GGT18.8 (15.7–22.6)20.3 (16.7–24.7)23.4 (19.4–28.1)0.020.03
  • Data are n (%) and means (95% CI) and for liver enzymes geometric mean (95% CI).

  • *

    * Adjusted for age, sex, and race/ethnicity.

  • P < 0.01 for difference between tertile 1 and tertile 3.

  • P < 0.05 for difference between tertile 2 and tertile 3.

  • §

    § P < 0.01 for difference between tertile 2 and tertile 3. Data in bold indicate significance.