TABLE 3

Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps before and after intervention

Diet and exercise groupDiet-only group
BeforeAfterPBeforeAfterP
Fasting
    Plasma FFA (mmol/l)0.54 ± 0.040.53 ± 0.04NS0.48 ± 0.040.54 ± 0.06NS
    Plasma glucose (mmol/l)5.47 ± 0.155.23 ± 0.12<0.055.37 ± 0.175.25 ± 0.14NS
    Plasma insulin (μU/ml)19.2 ± 2.012.4 ± 1.8<0.0113.0 ± 1.7*10.2 ± 1.4<0.05
During hyperinsulinemic clamp
    Plasma glucose (mmol/l)4.98 ± 0.035.06 ± 0.07NS5.12 ± 0.015.12 ± 0.03NS
    Plasma insulin (μU/ml)89.7 ± 6.680.7 ± 5.9<0.0586.0 ± 8.777.9 ± 7.2<0.05
  • Data are means ± SE unless otherwise indicated. P values for the effect of intervention are shown.

  • * P < 0.05 between groups before intervention. FFA, free fatty acid, NS, not significant.