TABLE 1

Baseline variables for men and women by sex-specific quartiles of baseline adiponectin

Q1 (low)Q2Q3Q4 (high)Correlation with adiponectin
Men
    Adiponectin (μg/ml)3.97 ± 0.685.47 ± 0.407.00 ± 0.5010.40 ± 2.47
    Age (years)49.86 ± 9.5552.40 ± 11.2554.02 ± 10.7758.79 ± 10.950.35
    Fasting glucose (mg/dl)109.8 ± 8.46107.8 ± 7.50108.9 ± 8.45107.9 ± 8.97−0.06
    2-h glucose (mg/dl)165.6 ± 16.84165.0 ± 17.34164.3 ± 16.26163.5 ± 17.15−0.04
    Fasting insulin (μU/ml)*3.33 ± 0.543.17 ± 0.573.11 ± 0.512.92 ± 0.52−0.29
(27.9)(23.8)(22.4)(18.5)
    Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance8.90 ± 6.097.48 ± 4.816.85 ± 3.585.66 ± 3.16−0.25
    A1C (%)5.99 ± 0.585.90 ± 0.545.90 ± 0.495.90 ± 0.46−0.03
    Insulinogenic index (μU/mg)133.6 ± 92.31119.5 ± 99.07116.0 ± 80.85100.8 ± 86.99−0.166
    Waist (cm)108.3 ± 14.35107.3 ± 14.37109.7 ± 13.14107.0 ± 11.27−0.05
    Weight (kg)100.3 ± 20.4797.70 ± 20.96100.5 ± 19.4295.75 ± 16.68−0.11
    Total cholesterol (mg/dl)198.8 ± 35.37201.1 ± 35.38204.3 ± 34.53204.1 ± 35.300.05
    LDL (mg/dl)121.2 ± 34.75125.9 ± 34.07129.4 ± 29.44129.7 ± 31.850.09
    HDL (mg/dl)37.64 ± 8.6939.09 ± 8.1240.55 ± 8.7643.77 ± 9.040.26
    Triglycerides (mg/dl)*5.15 ± 0.585.06 ± 0.515.00 ± 0.504.89 ± 0.50−0.20
(172.4)(157.6)(148.4)(133.0)
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)124.0 ± 11.48126.1 ± 14.58126.4 ± 13.56127.0 ± 15.540.11
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)80.92 ± 8.8979.58 ± 9.1880.30 ± 9.7178.90 ± 9.23−0.08§
Women
    Adiponectin (μg/ml)4.78 ± 0.846.87 ± 0.528.91 ± 0.7013.40 ± 3.29
    Age (years)44.26 ± 8.3447.77 ± 9.4150.21 ± 9.8954.40 ± 9.850.39
    Fasting glucose (mg/dl)106.7 ± 8.43106.3 ± 8.00105.2 ± 7.99103.9 ± 7.59−0.11
    2-h glucose (mg/dl)165.3 ± 17.02165.5 ± 17.42163.9 ± 16.75164.1 ± 17.43−0.03
    Fasting insulin (μU/ml)*3.42 ± 0.503.23 ± 0.493.10 ± 0.492.84 ± 0.51−0.41
(30.6)(25.3)(22.2)(17.1)
    Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance9.04 ± 4.397.50 ± 3.906.49 ± 3.505.01 ± 2.64−0.37
    A1C (%)5.97 ± 0.575.89 ± 0.465.89 ± 0.505.88 ± 0.44−0.04§
    Insulinogenic index (μU/mg)152.6 ± 115.9131.7 ± 90.11124.2 ± 89.20100.8 ± 66.39−0.21
    Waist (cm)106.8 ± 15.28105.5 ± 15.29103.4 ± 14.0198.74 ± 13.19−0.21
    Weight (kg)96.12 ± 20.5794.57 ± 21.1391.87 ± 19.8486.08 ± 18.03−0.19
    Total cholesterol (mg/dl)195.9 ± 36.27199.7 ± 36.96207.8 ± 35.81211.2 ± 35.660.17
    LDL (mg/dl)120.6 ± 33.09120.2 ± 33.73126.0 ± 31.54127.7 ± 32.190.09
    HDL (mg/dl)42.19 ± 9.2645.72 ± 10.7649.76 ± 11.5154.99 ± 12.760.43
    Triglycerides (mg/dl)14.97 ± 0.524.99 ± 0.524.95 ± 0.484.83 ± 0.49−0.13
(144.0)(146.9)(141.2)(125.2)
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)122.4 ± 14.83122.1 ± 14.49122.9 ± 14.68123.6 ± 15.820.06
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)78.47 ± 9.5777.73 ± 9.0876.95 ± 9.1076.78 ± 9.23−0.05§
  • Data are means ± SD, within each sex-specific quartile. Correlations represent the sex-specific Pearson correlation of each variable with adiponectin.

  • * These variables were log transformed for these analyses. Values in parentheses show the reexponentiated means.

  • P < 0.001;

  • P < 0.01;

  • § P < 0.05.