TABLE 1

Basic characteristics of subjects

Diet and exercise groupDiet-only group
n97
Sex (male/female)3/63/4
Age (years)42.4 ± 2.746.1 ± 2.0
    Men43.3 ± 1.943.3 ± 2.9
    Women42.0 ± 4.048.2 ± 2.6
BMI (kg/m2)34.8 ± 1.133.4 ± 1.2
    Men34.6 ± 2.133.6 ± 2.0
    Women34.9 ± 1.433.3 ± 1.7
Waist (cm)107.2 ± 3.8111.8 ± 5.3
    Men114.8 ± 0.25114.0 ± 9.0
    Women104.7 ± 4.7110.1 ± 7.4
A1C (%)5.5 ± 0.15.5 ± 0.1
    Men5.4 ± 0.15.2 ± 0.3
    Women5.5 ± 0.155.6 ± 0.1
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.35 ± 0.155.48 ± 0.10
    Men5.69 ± 0.365.46 ± 0.24
    Women5.18 ± 0.105.49 ± 0.08
2-h postchallenge glucose7.83 ± 0.509.05 ± 0.44
    Men7.42 ± 1.189.46 ± 1.02
    Women8.04 ± 0.548.75 ± 0.35
  • Data are means ± SE unless otherwise indicated. There were no statistically significant differences between groups at baseline.