TABLE 1

Baseline characteristics according to progression in renal status (defined as any increase in albuminuria level or progression to ESRD) and occurrence of a hard CVD event (coronary event, stroke, peripheral vascular event) during follow-up

Progression in renal status
CVD event
NonprogressorsProgressorsNo eventEvent
n1,8932141,687158
Sex (% male)52.064.8*52.062.4#
Age (years)36.5 ± 11.936.1 ± 11.135.2 ± 11.447.9 ± 9.0#
Duration of diabetes (years)21.8 ± 11.923.1 ± 11.120.8 ± 11.434.6 ± 8.6#
A1C (%)8.4 ± 1.49.4 ± 1.7*8.5 ± 1.58.7 ± 1.4#
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)132 ± 18138 ± 21*131 ± 17151 ± 21#
Ever smoking (%)44.155.2*44.253.7#
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.9 ± 0.95.2 ± 1.1*4.9 ± 0.95.3 ± 1.0#
Diabetic nephropathy (%)NANA15.763.3#
  • Values are expressed as number, means ± SD, or percentage.

  • *P < 0.05 vs. nonprogressors.

  • #P < 0.05 vs. no event. NA, not applicable.