TABLE 1

Characteristics of Indian Asians and European Caucasians studied

Indian Asians Hap610 sampleIndian Asian Hap300 sample
European Caucasians
NondiabeticDiabetic
n5,0891,6876984,462
Age (years)53.9 ± 10.648.4 ± 10.656.0 ± 10.131
Sex (% male)8510010047.6
Waist-to-hip ratio0.95 ± 0.070.96 ± 0.070.99 ± 0.070.86 ± 0.09
BMI (kg/m2)26.8 ± 4.226.7 ± 4.227.6 ± 4.424.6 ± 4.2
Known hypertension35215519.8
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)133.4 ± 18.9132.4 ± 20.3139.9 ± 20.5124.7 ± 13.5
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)82.3 ± 10.782.5 ± 12.182.9 ± 11.877.2 ± 11.4
Type 2 diabetes001000
Glucose (mmol/l)5.2 ± 0.625.1 ± 0.68.8 ± 2.95.0 ± 0.5
Insulin (IU/l)11.7 ± 8.812.1 ± 8.615.4 ± 13.78.5 ± 4.3
HOMA-B142 ± 124157 ± 12268 ± 224100 ± 29
HOMA-S0.57 ± 1.480.55 ± 1.330.45 ± 1.561.05 ± 0.37
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.21 ± 1.125.41 ± 1.054.73 ± 1.075.09 ± 1.01
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.22 ± 0.301.24 ± 0.311.14 ± 0.271.57 ± 0.38
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.77 ± 1.111.64 ± 0.811.78 ± 0.861.19 ± 0.74
  • Data are means ± SD for continuous and percent for categorical traits.