TABLE 2

ED16.5 serum metabolites

F1 offspring
F2 offspring
ControlUndernourishedControl female–control maleControl female–undernourished maleUndernourished female− control maleUndernourished female–undernourished male
Blood glucose (mg/ dl)20 ± 311 ± 2*26.4 ± 3.131.9 ± 3.430.0 ± 1443.9 ± 5.2*
Serum insulin (pg/ml)216 ± 26230 ± 28221 ± 27312 ± 27*307 ± 21316 ± 33
Serum leptin (pg/ml)263 ± 4896 ± 28*379 ± 237321 ± 99192 ± 203695 ± 124
  • Data are means ± SE. Fetal serum levels of glucose, insulin, and leptin at embryonic day 16.5.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 vs. controls. Significance was determined by Student's t test in F1 offspring and ANOVA in F2 offspring.