TABLE 1

Baseline characteristics

NFGIFGDiabetes
n2240845414
Age (years)59.4 ± 9.962.2 ± 9.9*63.5 ± 9.4*
Male (%)926 (41)459 (54)211 (51)
Race/ethnicity (%)
    White1,043 (47)324 (38)101 (24)
    Black599 (27)260 (31)190 (46)
    Chinese230 (10)109 (13)46 (11)
    Hispanic368 (16)152 (18)77 (19)
Height (cm)166.6 ± 9.9167.6 ± 9.9*166.7 ± 10.3
Weight (kg)75.6 ± 15.781.3 ± 16.5*83.0 ± 16.4*
BMI (kg/m2)27.1 ± 4.728.8 ± 5.1*29.8 ± 5.3*
Waist circumference (cm)94 ± 13100 ± 13*102 ± 13*
Waist-to-hip ratio0.90 ± 0.090.94 ± 0.07*0.96 ± 0.06*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)122 ± 20128 ± 21*132 ± 22*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)71 ± 1073 ± 11*73 ± 10*
Hypertension (%)776 (35)413 (49)271 (65)
Antihypertension medications (%)535 (24)325 (38)219 (53)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)194 ± 33194 ± 34190 ± 37*
Triglycerides (mg/dl)116 ± 63131 ± 66*139 ± 74*
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)117 ± 30119 ± 30113 ± 34*
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)54 ± 1549 ± 14*48 ± 14*
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)90 ± 6107 ± 6*150 ± 50*
Creatinine (mg/dl)0.94 ± 0.200.97 ± 0.220.97 ± 0.57
Calcium channel blockers197 (10)139 (16)80 (19)
Nitrates4 (0.2)1 (0.1)0 (0)
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *P < 0.05 compared with NFG.

  • P < 0.05 among groups.