TABLE 2

Multivariate analysis of total arterial stiffness and proximal thoracic aortic stiffness among those with normal fasting glucose, impaired fasting glucose, and diabetes

Total vascular stiffness
Proximal thoracic aortic stiffness
(ml/mmHg)
(10−10 mmHg−1)
NFGIFGDiabetesNFGIFGDiabetes
Unadjusted1.87 ± 0.011.73 ± 0.021.58 ± 0.031.94 ± 0.031.77 ± 0.05*1.45 ± 0.06
Model 11.84 ± 0.011.74 ± 0.021.66 ± 0.031.90 ± 0.031.87 ± 0.041.64 ± 0.06
Model 21.86 ± 0.011.78 ± 0.021.70 ± 0.031.92 ± 0.041.90 ± 0.051.66 ± 0.06
  • *P = 0.01 compared with NFG.

  • P < 0.001 compared with NFG. Hypertension is defined by systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg that occurred as the average of the second and third Dinamap measures on the initial clinic visit. Model 1 adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, sex, and participating site. Model 2 adjusted for variables from model 1 and sex, race/ethnicity, age, site, weight, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, mean arterial pressure, waist-to-hip ratio, statin therapy, smoking, and estimated glomerular filtration rate.