TABLE 1

Cognitive test scores during euglycemia and hypoglycemia with medium-chain triglycerides or placebo ingestion

Cognitive testMedium-chain triglycerides euglycemia (∼5.5 mmol · l−1 · l−1)Medium-chain triglycerides hypoglycemia (∼2.8 mmol · l−1 · l−1)Placebo euglycemia (∼5.5 mmol · l−1 · l−1)Placebo hypoglycemia (∼2.8 mmol · l−1 · l−1)
Immediate verbal memory15.85 ± 0.6614.97 ± 1.13*17.36 ± 1.0313.28 ± 1.04
Delayed verbal memory14.82 ± 1.2514.80 ± 1.31*15.33 ± 1.4011.58 ± 0.71
Verbal memory recognition13.19 ± 0.5313.29 ± 0.50*14.27 ± 0.2312.14 ± 0.19
Digit span backwards0.60 ± 0.050.58 ± 0.050.64 ± 0.050.54 ± 0.05
Letter/number sequencing12.04 ± 0.8110.97 ± 0.7611.07 ± 0.859.92 ± 0.71
Digit symbol coding72.50 ± 5.2774.99 ± 4.56*74.04 ± 4.5968.56 ± 3.54
Map search (1 min)53.11 ± 4.1648.42 ± 3.1950.35 ± 3.2742.94 ± 2.31
Map search (2 min)73.30 ± 1.7075.11 ± 1.51*75.04 ± 1.9274.67 ± 1.51
Telephone search2.86 ± 0.173.06 ± 0.203.14 ± 0.263.46 ± 0.34
  • Data are least square means ± SE.

  • *P < 0.05 change from euglycemia to hypoglycemia after medium-chain triglycerides vs. placebo;

  • P < 0.05 between euglycemia and hypoglycemia.