TABLE 1

Basic characteristics of study population according to Chinese famine exposure

Childhood-exposed cohortsFetal-exposed cohortNonexposed cohort
Late childhoodMid childhoodEarly childhood
N1,6731,5881,6541,0051,954
Severely affected area8968889405031,132
Less severely affected area777700714502822
Birth date
    (From October 1, year)19521954195619591962
    (To September 30, year)19541956195819611964
Age in 2002 (years)48–4946–4744–4541–4238–39
Women (%)54.054.254.053.255.5
Height (cm)*159.3 (0.2)159.4 (0.4)159.4 (0.2)160.0 (0.4)160.9 (0.2)
Weight (kg)**59.4 (0.4)58.9 (0.5)59.0 (0.05)59.6 (0.5)59.2 (0.3)
BMI (kg/m2)**23.3 (0.1) 23.1 (0.2)23.2 (0.2)23.2 (0.2)22.9 (0.1)
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)**4.99 (0.05)4.88 (0.04)4.87 (0.04)4.88 (0.05)4.77 (0.03)
Hyperglycemia (%)*5.893.403.935.652.43
Type 2 diabetes (%)*3.891.692.781.701.57
  • *Sex standard.

  • **Data are adjusted means (SE). Adjusted factors included sex, educational level, family history of diabetes (only for glucose), current smoking, alcohol use, and physical activity level. Height was adjusted only for sex.

  • †Compared with the nonexposed cohort, †P < 0.05.