TABLE 3

Prevalence rate of hyperglycemia by birth cohorts and severity of famine areas: sensitivity analyses

Childhood-exposed cohortsFetal-exposed cohortNonexposed cohort
Late childhoodMid childhoodEarly childhood
Defining severity of famine by excess death rate ≥100%
    Severely affected famine area
        Prevalence (%)3.922.562.608.111.39
        Odds ratio (95% CI)2.15 (0.90–5.14)1.56 (0.62–3.88)1.80 (0.66–4.92)6.28 (2.16–18.3)
    Less severely affected famine area
        Prevalence (%)7.924.425.323.393.74
        Odds ratio (95% CI)2.54 (1.24–5.20)1.33 (0.62–2.88)1.40 (0.68–2.88)0.89 (0.42–1.90)
        P for interaction between area and cohort0.4920.3730.3620.003
Classifying adults born during October 1, 1962, to September 30, 1968, as nonexposed cohort
    Severely affected famine area
        Prevalence (%)5.192.683.767.293.11
        Odds ratio (95%CI)2.18 (1.21–3.93)1.10 (0.59–2.03)1.51 (0.79–2.87)3.38 (1.55–7.36)
    Less severely affected famine area
        Prevalence (%)7.175.224.342.142.33
        Odds ratio (95% CI)2.47 (1.34–4.53)1.83 (0.86–3.91)1.30 (0.74–2.30)0.61 (0.30–1.26)
        P for interaction between area and cohort0.9660.3950.6930.001
Excluding people with family history of diabetes
    Severely affected famine area
        Prevalence (%)5.062.643.517.081.98
        Odds ratio (95% CI)2.40 (1.10–5.22)1.23 (0.57–2.63)1.73 (0.78–3.86)4.00 (1.64–9.73)
    Less severely affected famine area
        Prevalence (%)6.035.023.932.163.10
        Odds ratio (95% CI)2.41 (1.00–5.81)1.83 (0.71–4.70)1.30 (0.61–2.77)0.67 (0.29–1.563)
        P for interaction between area and cohort0.5050.8260.4880.003
  • All odds ratios used the nonexposed cohort as the reference cohort. Adjusted factors include sex, educational level, family history of diabetes, and current smoking, alcohol use, and physical activity level in 2002.