TABLE 3

Univariate significant baseline predictors of diabetes

Variables*HR (95% CI)P value
Glucose
    oGTT fasting1.49 (1.03–2.17)0.03
    oGTT 2-h1.82 (1.24–2.67)0.002
    oGTT total area2.23 (1.52–3.27)<0.0001
Insulin sensitivity
    ivGTT SI0.61 (0.38–0.99)0.047
    Clamp Ginf0.53 (0.36–0.77)0.001
    Clamp ΔClrglu0.50 (0.32–0.77)0.002
β-Cell function
    ivGTT AIRg0.38 (0.24–0.61)<0.0001
    ivGTT DI0.27 (0.16–0.46)<0.0001
  • *Variables and units are defined in Table 1.

  • †By Cox regression, expressed as per 1-SD unit increase.

  • ‡Variables were log transformed; SDs were calculated using log-transformed data.