TABLE 1

Cause-of-death groups for classification by the MCC

Diabetes-related
    Acute diabetic complications: diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and diabetic coma unspecified
    Diabetic renal disease: diabetic nephropathy, end-stage renal disease, and dialysis-related complications
    Cardiovascular: coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and cardiomyopathy
    Infection: pneumonia, bronchitis, sepsis, meningitis, encephalitis, osteomyelitis, mycosis, and endocarditis
    Other diabetes: autonomic neuropathy, angiopathy, uncontrolled diabetes, and post-transplant complications
Non–diabetes-related
    Cancer: any form of cancer
    Accident or suicide: violent deaths, motor vehicle crashes, alcohol/drug overdose, and other accidental deaths (drowning, fall, fire)
    Other non-diabetes: other causes not specific to diabetes, e.g., sickle cell trait, bulimia/anorexia, lupus, septic abortion, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, gastric ulcer, or HIV
Unknown, where cause of death could not be determined