TABLE 1

Characteristics of the lean, obese, obese and diabetic, and morbidly obese subjects in the fasting state

Lean population 1Obese population 1Obese and type 2 diabetic population 1Lean population 2Morbidly obese population 2
n11111146
Sex (F/M)3/82/92/94/06/0
BMI (kg/m2)22.4 ± 0.632.3 ± 1.4*32.6 ± 0.9*20.9 ± 0.544.3 ± 7.2†
Age (years)44 ± 445 ± 554 ± 237.2 ± 11.332.0 ± 8.5
Glucose (mmol/l)4.91 ± 0.195.50 ± 0.11*11.08 ± 1.00*‡5.08 ± 1.444.99 ± 0.49
Insulin (mU/l)6.70 ± 0.9013.05 ± 1.89*13.70 ± 1.81*ND10.67 ± 3.11
  • Data are means ± SE and were compared using the nonparametric Mann-Whitney test.

  • *P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.01 vs. lean subjects;

  • P < 0.05 vs. obese subjects.

  • ND, not determined.