TABLE 1

Characteristics of the study subjects

Diabetic patients (n = 33)Healthy volunteers (n = 28)P
Age (years)62.0 ± 8.658.2 ± 10.2NS
Sex (male/female)15/1815/13NS
BMI (kg/m2)23.5 ± 4.223.6 ± 4.8NS
White blood cell counts (ml)4,800 ± 1,7005,600 ± 1,900NS
Lymphocytes (%)23.5 ± 3.522.7 ± 2.5NS
Monocytes (%)5.2 ± 1.66.1 ± 2.3NS
Hemoglobin (g/dl)14.1 ± 1.313.6 ± 1.6NS
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)182 ± 24180 ± 35NS
Triglyceride (mg/dl)138 ± 37163 ± 33NS
FPG (mg/dl)185 ± 3886 ± 7.4<0.001
A1C (%)9.2 ± 2.05.4 ± 0.7<0.001
Diabetic complications (+/−)*19/14NA
Insulin treatment (+/−)10/23NA
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *Diabetic complications: nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy, macroangiopathy. FPG, fasting plasma glucose; NA, not applicable.