TABLE 1

Baseline characteristics of NIDDK and JH Center subjects. More detailed clinical information of NIDDK samples is provided in the supplemental table in the online appendix.

NIDDKJH Center
NormalPre-diabetesType 2 diabetesNormalDiabetes
n131392344
Age (years)51.2 ± 6.654.5 ± 9.653.8 ± 9.231 ± 8.252.9 ± 12.4
Sex (male/female)2/113/104/511/1221/23
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)87.8 ± 4.298.2 ± 9.3128.9 ± 18.6NANA
2-h glucose (mg/dl)81.0 ± 11.4166.0 ± 11.7228.6 ± 28.8NANA
Causal glucoseNANANA83.1 ± 17.9154.2 ± 74.1
A1C (%)5.0 ± 0.35.3 ± 0.36.1 ± 0.75.5 ± 0.48.3 ± 1.7
Duration of diabetes (years)NA15.4 ± 13.9
Type of diabetes (type 1/type 2)20/24
  • Data are means ± SE. NA, not applicable.